Surrealism: A 20th century movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind.
Surrealism originated in the late 1910s and early ’20s as a literary movement that experimented with a new mode of expression called automatic writing, which sought to release to the imagination of the subconscious.
It was officially consecrated in Paris in 1924 with the publication of the Manifesto of Surrealism by Poet Andre Breton.
Breton, a trained psychiatrist, along with many other French poets were influenced by the psychological theories and dream studies of Sigmund Freud.
Breton supported visual expression by reproducing the works of artists such as Picasso in the journal La Revolution Surrealiste and organizing exhibitions that prominently featured painting and drawing.
Surrealism in visual arts is most expressed by abstract expressionism.