Futurism is an avant-garde movement originated from Italy. Futurism was officially introduced by the Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who published Manifesto of Futurism on the Paris newspaper Le Figaro. Futurists glorified the modern technology, machines, noises, cities, energy, violence, and dynamism. This manifesto was signed by group of artists. These were Balla, Carra, Boccioni, and Russolo. Interesting point of this movement is that it started with the name and idea, and ways of expressing that idea came afterwards by the artists. The movement virtually died out during WWI.
The artists were concerned with the idea of conveying a sense of movement, and this is one of the essential features of Futurist painting. Sometimes movement was conveyed by blurring forms or overlapping images in the manner of high-speed multiple-exposure photography. The fragmented forms of cubism and the bright, broken colours of neo-Impressionism were major influences.
Link to: Manifesto of Futurism by Marinetti
“Funeral of the Anarchist Galli” by Carlo Carra, 1910-1911
“The Revolt” by Luigi Russolo, 1911
“Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash” by Giacomo Balla, 1912
“Unique Forms of Continuity in Space” by Umberto Boccioni, 1913
Marcel Duchamp. Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 1912
Eadweard Muybridge: Woman Walking Downstairs – 1887